You know what not to do in the car: It is punishable by a fine or deprivation of rights
That’s what the driver is prohibited to do in the car.
Being a driver is a big responsibility. And drivers should remember that it is the responsibility not only to the state represented by the police but also to other road users. Therefore, each motorist should pay special attention to the Rules of the road, ensuring the safety of not only themselves, but also their passengers, other drivers and of course pedestrians. Everyone knows traffic is the law. But why, then, hundreds of thousands of drivers in the country every day of their break?
Compliance with road signs, traffic signals and markings – it’s a cliché in the SDA, which everyone should know. It would seem that there can be complicated: abide by traffic regulations – and you will have happiness. But not so simple. There are a few things everyone knows but does not comply. Some of their actions behind the wheel, leading to violation of traffic Regulations, many drivers do not even realize it. We have collected the most important traffic rules, which drivers often forget while driving. In the end, this leads to large fines and even deprivation of rights.
1) Driving while intoxicated
Probably not a driver who would not know that driving in the state of intoxication is prohibited. For this, Russia has strong administrative and even criminal liability. But according to statistics, traffic police in Russia is still high level of accidents which are caused by drunk drivers. Looking at court statistics, you will be surprised even more, seeing the number of drivers, which in 2018 was deprived of the license for driving drunk.
Why, despite the grave responsibility, many drivers drive while intoxicated? Why do many people deliberately break the law? This is due to overconfidence and overestimation of the possibilities of his body.
The fact is that our country has a non-zero ppm. That is, driving is possible if the level of alcohol in 1 liter of exhaled air does not exceed 0,16 IPF or of 0.356 ppm (0.3 ppm or 0,135 IPF in the blood). In the end, 80 percent of those who got behind the wheel drunk and who subsequently were deprived of rights, thought that the level of alcohol in the body was within the permissible limits.
This is especially true of those who sit behind the wheel with a hangover, which played with thousands of drivers a cruel joke. Every body is different and different displays alcohol. In the end, a lot of people getting behind the wheel with a hangover, in fact, according to the letter of the law are in a state of alcoholic intoxication.
So do not hope for the best. Do not drive if you are not sure that sober. Also do not rely on cheap Chinese Amateur breathalyzer, whose testimony is often incorrect.
Those who do not remember: driving under the influence in the Russian legislation provides for administrative liability in accordance with article 12.8 of the administrative code of the Russian Federation – a fine of 30 000 rubles with deprivation of the right of management by vehicles for the term from six months to two years.
Also, the legislation also provides for criminal liability for repeated driving in a drunken state, in accordance with article 264.1 of the criminal code.
2) the Use of phone while driving
While driving the driver in our country it is forbidden to talk on the phone. But look around you on the road, next time will go about their business. Please note how many drivers ignored the applicable law. And it is our society that abuses power for corruption, for broken laws, for violation of the law, but the every day neglect the letter of the law.
Unfortunately, the number of motorists using mobile phones while driving, is incredibly large. And given the fact that we all know how much the phone is distracting when we are driving (numerous studies have shown that the phone reduces our reaction is exactly the same as it is in mild intoxication).
We also know that every day there are thousands of accidents due to distraction. But despite this, as always, rely on Russian perhaps, living by the principle of “With me nothing will happen”.
And blame our attachment to smartphones, without which we cannot imagine already his life. But if so, is it not possible to use in the car Handsfree or buy earphone headset?
Those who do not remember: for violation of the rules of use of the telephone by the driver of the vehicle provides responsibility in the form of a fine in the amount of 1,500 roubles (section 12.36.1 administrative code).
3) Stopping or driving in reverse on highway
Here is another rough and dangerous violation of traffic rules, which neglects a large number of drivers. We are talking about violation of traffic regulations on highways, where, we recall, in contrast to the settlements and a highway has its own, special traffic rules.
You have probably seen on the highways, some drivers missed the exit, stopping, including emergency gang (there are those who don’t know what it is) and begin to move in reverse. So drivers save time by approaching the Congress, which missed. Some drivers sincerely believe that on the highway, you can take it and stay in the right lane.
There are drivers who decided while driving to talk on the phone and stopped in the right lane, turning on the hazard lights, so as not to break the law and not be distracted. But if this happens on the motorway, this is a direct violation of the current legislation. Unfortunately, many drivers forget that on the motorway it is impossible to do many things, for example, is allowed on ordinary road. Now I have a reason to repeat traffic.
Those who do not remember: for violation of rules of traffic on highways subject to administrative liability in accordance with article 12.11 of the administrative code. For example, for stopping or driving in reverse on a motorway the driver will be fined in the amount of 1000 rubles. By the way, in the near future, perhaps this fine may, at the initiative of the Ministry of transport to grow three times – up to 3000 rubles.
4) Parking in the wrong place
Finding Parking in the city sometimes borders on quests, obstacle courses or exams on the site in the SAI. Each driver find a Parking space for his car needs to avoid mistakes that can cost you dearly. Avoid traffic violations. It would seem, what could be easier than to Park the car according to the Rules of the road.
But in our country, drivers often behave the opposite of the letter of the law (just like the corrupt in power). This also applies to Parking regulations. Yes, of course, in many Russian cities, Parking is a major headache. Machine literally has nowhere to go. BUT THIS DOES NOT MEAN THAT DRIVERS MUST VIOLATE THE PARKING RULES!
Do you know what the most common violation in this area? Car Parking in the immediate vicinity of the pedestrian crossing. Usually when someone is parked on a pedestrian crossing (or close to it), many drivers think: “the Authorities did not provide many Parking spaces, so I’ll put the car where you want. I have”. Think about these words. Maybe it’s time to reconsider their views on the world? Take a look around. There are more pedestrians that you should think first. And don’t forget: the law is the law. It can not be broken.
Those who do not remember: the stopping or Parking of vehicles on a pedestrian crossing and is closer 5 m before it, except when you need to forced to stop, shall entail the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of 1000 rubles (part 3 article 12.19 of the Cao RF).
In Moscow or St. Petersburg this fee is 3000 rubles (part 6 article 12.19 of the Cao RF).
5) Driving without dipped headlights
Surprisingly, the obligation to include lighting (daytime running lights, dipped headlights or fog lights) forget many drivers. Moreover, it should be noted that according to the SDA drivers are required to turn on the lights of the car regardless of time of day.
But despite this, on the road there are often cars whose drivers either forget to turn on the headlights, or do it consciously.
Many modern cars today have automatic dipped beam, which includes passing light as soon as the vehicle moves off. To descend to the penalty for driving such a car is practically impossible.
But also in Russia there are many cars where dipped headlights need to be manually included. And many drivers leaving the road, just forget to turn the dim light, noticing it only when the traffic police stop the driver. Unfortunately, during the day notice that you are coming off to others, very hard. Especially if you do not pay attention to the dashboard, where, as a rule, when the dipped beam headlamps should turn on the appropriate icon.
Please note that, despite the fact that the penalty for this violation is small, you have to remember that driving without dipped headlights even in daytime is a danger to all road users.
Those who do not remember: in accordance with article 12.20 of the administrative code violation of the “rules” of the use of external light devices entails administrative liability in the form of a fine in the amount of 500 rubles.
6) Parking lot with the engine running in the yard or in the area of the sign “Residential zone”
On your machine set the auto-start system engine, which facilitates you the process of warming up of the car, standing in front of the house, causing you come into a warm, heated car? Yes, it is a comfort. But did you know that you are breaking the law? Thus, in accordance with paragraphs 17.2 and 17.4, Parking with the engine running in the range of a road sign “Residential zone”, and if the car is parked on the yard area. Read more about it here.
“Parking” – deliberate termination of movement of the vehicle for longer than 5 minutes on reasons not connected with landing or disembarkation of passengers or loading or unloading the vehicle.
You often stand in the yard with the engine running? You sit in the car, idling, near the kindergarten, school, sport school, pool, located in a residential area or yard area? Don’t forget that you are violating traffic rules.
Did you know that you may pay dearly for it? And it’s not even the penalty. When you stand at the engine running in the yard, think about the people who breathe exhaust fumes. Let’s respect others and to treat each other the way we want them to treat us.
Those who do not remember: in accordance with article 12.28 of the administrative offences code of the Russian Federation for breach of clause 17.2 or 17.4 of traffic regulations of the Russian Federation the driver is threatened with administrative responsibility in the form of a fine in the amount of 1500 rubles. If the violation was committed in Moscow or Saint Petersburg, the penalty is 3000 RUB.
7) Driving without documents
Many drivers think that in the digital age, even if you forget the registration, the traffic police quickly strikes that the documents exist in nature. Many people (especially forgetful) even just in case shooting on your smartphone to the car documents, to the absence of documents to show their photos to the traffic police.
In the result, there was a myth that if we forgot a document at home and took the wheel, we do not break existing laws. But really, even if you perefotografirovat documents on the car, and then sit behind the wheel, forgetting documents at home, you may be brought to administrative responsibility. In principle, it is not a gross violation. Nevertheless, the law is the law. Sit behind the wheel – check whether all the required documents you took. For example, in the event of an accident the lack of documents can lead to big problems.
Those who do not remember: driving a vehicle with a driver who is not in possession of registration documents on a vehicle shall entail imposing a fine in the amount of 500 rubles (part 1 of article 12.13 of the administrative code)
8) Riding on two bands simultaneously
Here is another common violation on the roads, which is not even recognised by the drivers. It comes with two bands, marked with dotted markings when it is not associated with rebuilding. According to the SDA, such a movement is prohibited.
It denies paragraph 9.7 SDA RF. Here’s how it looks:
9.7. If the roadway is divided into lanes by lines, movement of vehicles shall be carried out strictly on the designated bands. Run into a broken lane marking is only allowed when rebuilding
Those who do not remember: violation of the rules of the location of the vehicle on the carriageway shall entail imposing a fine in the amount of 1500 rubles (part 1 of article 12.15 of the administrative code)
9) Fastened seat belt
Unfortunately, many drivers forget many important details, sitting behind the wheel. For example, many of us don’t wear a seat belt. Did you know that according to the SDA needs to fasten not only the driver but also all passengers? Otherwise, for every unfastened you will be fined. And it is not even fine. Belt since its introduction in the auto world have already saved millions of lives. Here you can see what it means not to wear seat belts.
Those who do not remember: control of the vehicle by the driver, not wearing seat belts, passengers not wearing seat belts, the DRIVER faces a fine of 1,000 rubles (article 12.6 of the administrative code). For nepristegnuty passenger also has a punishment prescribed by part 1 article 12.29 of the code of administrative offences of the Russian Federation – a fine of 500 rubles.