Not only on the bike. Here the vehicle for which you do not need a driver’s license
Here for any vehicles you do not need a driver’s license
The constant increase in the cost of fuel at filling stations, a large sum of taxes, insurance, fines, increases in the costs of parts and maintenance along with the development of public transport, taxis and car-sharing leads many people to abandon personal car. This means that there are people who do not need a driver’s license. But what if you have no license or you have deprived them of? Is there no alternative but to take public transport or Hiking? In fact, there are options. Did you know that there are a number of vehicles to manage driver’s licence not necessary? You’d be surprised, but it’s not just the bike.
The list of vehicles that can be controlled without a license, is small, but contains elements that will simplify someone’s life. Let’s start with the most famous and popular trucks in the world:
As we know, to control your bike in Russia is not required to have a driver’s license. But what is the bike? What kinds of vehicles fall under this form of transport? Is a bike with electric motor vehicle that are allowed to operate without a license or this kind of bike refers to the bike? To do this, let’s see, how does the explanation of the term “Bicycle” in the Rules of the road code:
“Bicycle” – a vehicle, except wheelchairs, which has at least two wheels and is propelled, usually by the muscular energy of the persons on that vehicle, in particular by means of pedals or arms, and may also have a motor rated maximum power continuous run not exceeding 0.25 kW, automatically turning off at a speed exceeding 25 km/h.
As you can see, the bike is under Russian legislation could have a motor, but its power should not be higher than 0.25 kW, and the engine shall be switched off automatically at speeds over 25 km/hour.
Many people know that on a bike you can ride without a license. But where the law say about this? For this we turn to article 26 “Conditions for obtaining the right to management of vehicles” of the Federal law “On road safety” law 196 dated 10.12.1995 year (with recent changes).
As can be seen from part 1 of article 26 of this Federal law, driver’s license for operation of bicycles (including with different engines) are not required. Here for the use of vehicles in Russia and at what age do license:
vehicles of categories “M” category “A1” persons 16 years and older
vehicles of categories “A”, “B”, “C” and subcategories “B1”, “C1” – persons under the age of 18
vehicles of category “D”, “Tm”, “Tb” and the subcategory “D1” – persons under the age of 21
by vehicle category “BE”, “CE”, “DE” – persons entitled to drive vehicles respectively categories “B”, “C”, “D” for at least 12 months
the line of vehicles of subcategory “C1E”, “D1E” – persons entitled to drive vehicles respectively categories “C”, “D” or the subcategory “C1”, “D1” for at least 12 months
Where can you go?
The movement of cyclists in age from 7 to 14 years should be carried out only on sidewalks, footpaths, Bicycle paths and Cycling and pedestrian paths, and within pedestrian areas (paragraph 24.3 of the SDA RF).
The traffic of cyclists under the age of 7 years should only be done on sidewalks, pedestrian and Cycling and pedestrian paths (for pedestrians) and within pedestrian areas (para 24.4 of the SDA RF).
Where allowed control of the rider over 14 years old?
On the right edge of the roadway – in the following cases:
- no Cycling and Cycling and pedestrian paths, lane for cyclists has no opportunity to move up
- the overall width of the bike trailer to it or the transported cargo is more than 1 meter
- the traffic of cyclists, is performed in columns
- on the side – in case when no Cycling and Cycling and pedestrian paths, lane for cyclists has no opportunity to move up or down the right edge of the roadway
- on the sidewalk or pedestrian walkway – in the following cases: there are no Cycling and Cycling and pedestrian paths, lane for cyclists has no opportunity to move up and down the right edge of the roadway or curb
For example, in Germany, where there is shirokolistvennye network of bike paths, Segway equated to bikes. For the movement the same on normal roads, this mode of transport subject to compulsory insurance and state registration with the issuance of the license plate.
In some countries this type of transport is generally prohibited.
What kind of transport are Segways?
As we have said, Russian law does not reglamentary this type of transport. To understand which category Segways, let us first remember the traffic rules, which clarifies what a bike, scooter and motorcycle. Here is an excerpt from the current SDA:
“Bicycle” – a vehicle, except wheelchairs, which has at least two wheels and is propelled, usually by the muscular energy of the persons on that vehicle, in particular by means of pedals or arms, and may also have a motor rated maximum power continuous run not exceeding 0.25 kW, automatically turning off at a speed exceeding 25 km/h
(as amended by the Decree of the RF Government dated 22.03.2014 No. 221).
“Moped” – two – or three-wheeled motor vehicle with a maximum design speed not exceeding 50 km/h with the internal combustion engine with a displacement not exceeding 50 cubic cm or electric motor nominal maximum power at continuous load more than 0.25 kW and less than 4 kW. To mopeds quadricycles are equal, having the same technical characteristics
(as amended by the Resolutions of the RF Government dated 22.03.2014 No. 221, dated 24.10.2014 No. 1097).
“Motorcycle” – a two-wheeled motor vehicle with a lateral trailer or without it, the displacement of the engine which (in the case of the internal combustion engine) exceeds 50 CC or a maximum design speed (in any engine) exceeds 50 km/h For motorcycles equal tricycles and quadricycles from the motorcycle planting or handlebars, having an unladen mass not exceeding 400 kg (550 kg for vehicles intended for the carriage of goods) excluding the mass of batteries (in electric vehicles), and the maximum effective power of the engine, not exceeding 15 kW
(as amended by the Decree of the RF Government dated 24.10.2014 No. 1097).
So, since Segway has two wheels, this form of transportation can refer to any of the above mentioned vehicles. As you know, it depends on the power of motor and maximum speed of the Segway.
Accordingly, if the electric motor power the Segway does not exceed 0.25 kW, and if it switches off automatically when reaching a speed of 25 km/h, this type of transport is considered a Bicycle.
In reality, if you look at some Segways sell today, then, as a rule, vendors tend not to specify the capacity of the vehicle. In practice, their power is much greater than 0.25 kW, and many models can reach speeds of over 50 km/h. But the owners of these powerful Segway has little chance to be held accountable, since we don’t know at the moment, no single case when traffic police brought the owner of the Segway for the management of this technology without a license. Although technically, if you’re moving on the way of transport that fall under the moped or motorcycle you must have a driving license of the corresponding category.
Another electric vehicle which is more popular in our country, unlike the Segway. We are often asked whether a driver’s license for this kind of two-wheeled transport. There are also all, as with the Segway. It depends on the power of motor and maximum speed.
So if your gyrometer has an engine capacity of not more than 0.25 kW and a maximum speed not exceeding 25 km/h, it is considered a bike (as long as the government does not prescribe legislative rules of using this transport).
It should be noted that unlike the Segway, the majority of gyrometers falls under this category. So you can not be afraid that gyrometer fall under the category of “moped” and “motorcycle”. The only thing many people forget is that once gyrometer falls under the category of “Bicycle”, it is necessary to comply with applicable regulations governing the use of bicycles. See paragraphs 24.3 and 24.4 SDA RF.
Now let’s consider another form of transport, which also became popular in our country. We are talking about a monocycle, or monowheel. This electric vehicle unlike gyrometers and Segway has only one wheel. In the end, the monowheel can not be attributed according to the legislation neither bike nor scooter nor a motorcycle.
So while the use of blisks is not prohibited. And time is not prohibited is allowed. The one thing to remember, that when operating this type of transport for your safety and the safety of other road users still need to comply with traffic regulations, as this should be done under the control of the bike. You understand that if you, moving the monowheel will be faced with someone of pedestrians or with a car for traffic violations and other laws you can prosecute.
Yes, there is such a form of transport. For example, did you know that there are even international competitions for racing lawn mower? And this sport is popular in many countries around the world.
These four-wheeled lawn mower equipped with a powerful enough engine and steering wheel. Despite this, lawn mowers are not vehicles, as it is not intended for use on public roads.
Here, of course, not all unique. On the one hand, single-axle walk-behind tractor is not a vehicle, as is structurally designed for the transport of persons, cargo or equipment installed on it. However, in the opinion of the judiciary, walk-behind tow truck from a technical point of view can be attributed to the vehicle.
According to the note to article 12.1 of the administrative code, under the vehicle means of motor vehicle with a displacement of the internal combustion engine more than 50 cubic centimeters or a maximum electric motor power of more than 4 kilowatts and a maximum design speed exceeding 50 miles per hour. Accordingly, this form of transport subject to state registration. Also, the transportation legislation will include tractors, self-propelled road-building and other self-propelled machines, transport vehicles, management that in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on road safety available special right.
Thus, driving on public roads on the tillers, you have to drive a vehicle, you should have a special right (on the tractor). Here is an example of a court case where a man was deprived of the license for the management of walking tractor with trailer in state of intoxication. However, please note that our judicial process is not the case in Russia also a lot of resolutions that have not recognized the walk-behind vehicle, which consequently allows to control the tillers without a license.
In General with such confusion at the legislative level, we do not recommend you to travel by two-wheel tractor on public roads in order to avoid problems with the law.
This is another type of electric vehicle that is becoming popular in our country among the elderly and the disabled. Because of these electric wheelchairs people with disabilities have the opportunity to travel along with all on the sidewalk.
Of course, driver’s licence or another special right to control the electric wheelchair is not required. The only thing that needs to follow the one who moves in the electric chair or a wheelchair, it of traffic rules, which are bound by pedestrians and cyclists. Of course, to travel on public roads, public transport is prohibited.
This type of transport refers to the equipment and is not intended for use on public roads. Accordingly, to control this type of transport driver’s license is not needed. But, as you already understood, you can use a pit bike only on a special track. By the way, here’s an interesting court case regarding the operation of a motocross motorcycle on public roads in which the owner pitbike the court won.
Another mode of transport where you can drive without a license. However, to use cards only for private playgrounds. On a public road karting travel is prohibited.